Peru travel guide


Peru Travel Guide

Spanish Language

Spanish (español) or Castilian (castellano), member of the Romance group of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. The official language of Spain and 19 Latin American nations, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela, Spanish is spoken as a first language by about 330 million persons and as a second language by perhaps another 50 million. It is the mother tongue of about 40 million people in Spain, where the language originated and whence it was later brought by Spanish explorers, colonists, and empire-builders to the Western Hemisphere and other parts of the world during the last five centuries. It is the native language of over 17 million people in the United States, and is one of the official languages of the United Nations. Coming here to study Spanish is a great idea, there are many language centers specialized in teaching this language since many people travel in order to study Spanish in Peru.

Language courses

The Spanish language courses, in other countries, put special emphasis on the Spanish culture and customs, this only with the purpose to a better understanding of Spanish language.


Spanish is a relatively inflected language, with a two-gender system and about fifty conjugated forms per verb, but small noun declension and limited pronominal declension. Spanish syntax is generally Subject Verb Object, though variations are common. Spanish is right-branching, uses prepositions, and usually places adjectives after nouns. Spanish is also pro-drop (allows the deletion of pronouns when pragmatically unnecessary) and verb-framed.

Writing system

The pronunciation of almost any Spanish word can be perfectly predicted from its written form. One interesting feature of Spanish is that there are two forms of the verb “to be”: estar, which denotes a relatively temporary state, and ser, which denotes a relatively permanent condition and which is also used before a predicate noun. Reflexive verbs often perform the same function in Spanish that passive verbs do in English.

Because the inflection of the Spanish verb indicates person very clearly, subject pronouns are not necessary. A another peculiarity of Spanish is the use of an inverted question mark (¿) at the beginning of a question and of an inverted exclamation point (¡) at the beginning of an exclamation.

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