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Ollantaytambo Travel Guide

Ollantaytambo History

Formerly according to the Aymara language, Ollantaytambo derives from the word ulla-nta-wi (place to look downwards). For Quechua language, the name derives from the word Ollanta (which is the name of an Incan Captain whose story is known through literature) and the word tambo, a Spanish derivation of the Quechua word tampu; which means city that offers lodging, food and comfort to travelers.

Testimonies of Ollantaytambo inhabitants says that the inhabitants refused to pay the taxes imposed by Inca Pachacútec, and this is why they were murdered with impunity.

When Pachacútec have got the victory claimed the territory as his and ordered the construction of the magnificent buildings that, even today, the city flaunts.

To this end, he used the manual labor of Collao, an area near the Titicaca Lake and Tiahuanaco. The children of Chuchi Cápac, defeated Collao general, had to work as the fortress builders, but they did not wait too long to rebel and run away. Finally, after many confrontations and a great bloodshed, the Inca Pachacútec got to control the violent rebellion.

Ollantaytambo got engraved in the world's memory thanks to a written drama of the XVI century, represented on the theatre in 1780. The story narrates the conflictive love between general Ollanta and Cusi Coyllor, Pachacútec's daughter. Ollanta distinguished himself from other generals of the Empire for his braveness and great ability, but he had to run away from the city disappointed because he was not able to love a girl that did not belong to his social class.

The celebrated battle:
The history of Ollantaytambo is based in a most famous heroes in the indigenous resistance(Inka Pachacutec) who after maintaining the walled Cusco per months and when seeing that its forces were diluted by the alliances among aboriginal towns. The Inca had self teach in western techniques and it had narrowed knots with mitimaes seated in the enormous county of Vilcabamba. For this reason he stayed very informed and I list to face to the army of Hernando Pizarro. Eleven staggered platforms, they allowed him a closed defense. After a bloody combat and taking advantage of the night, Pizarro prepared the retreat. It was a great victory for the Inca.


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