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Cusco Travel Guide

Cusco History

Cuzco was the capital of Inca Empire.

The history of the Imperial city, according to a legend, goes back to the XI or XII Century when the first Inca, Manco Capac, founded Cusco in compliance with a mandate from the Sun God. On March 23, 1534, Francisco Pizarro carried out the Spanish foundation of Cusco.

Cusco was designed in the form of a puma with the legendary 15th century fortress of Sacsahuaman as the head , the confluence of the Huatanay and Tullumayo rivers was canalized and straightened to form the tail.

The hearth of the city ,and the puma, was the Huacaypata, it was the main square of Inca Cusco, it was located in the same place as the modern city square but twice the size. A gravel covered area ,surrounded by the palaces of past Inca kings and was the site of important ceremonies in the Inca calendar.

The city of Cusco is the city full of historic monuments and relics, myths and legends that seem to be reborn every time we pass by its centenarian streets.

The city had two sectors: the urin and hanan, which were further divided to each encompass two of the four provinces, Chinchasuyu (NW), Antisuyu (NE), Qontisuyu (SW), and Collasuyu (SE), Cusco was at this time a city of admirable stone architecture with wide squares, big temples and palaces decorated with abundant pieces of gold. Many of these colossal constructions are still standing.

At present, Cusco, the archaeological capital of America, is a city open to the world that warmly welcomes the visitors and travellers, who astonishingly watch its strange look, which merges in the same urban environment and with particular harmony, pre-Columbian monuments such as Amaru Cancha (Snake Fence), Kiswar Kancha, among others; with jewels from miscegenation like the Cathedral, the Church, La Merced Convent and the San Blas Temple.

Cusco History
Cusco History



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